CENTRAL AIR-CONDITIONER AND HEAT PUMP EFFICIENCY 101
How can I be sure my system is the right size for my home?
Homeowners should feel comfortable that our air conditioning technicians at Chuck Laverty & Son Mechanical will size the equipment to meet the specific needs of their homes. If a system is undersized, it will continuously run without properly cooling your home. If oversized, the system will cycle on and off too frequently, greatly reducing its ability to control humidity. It also will be less efficient.
To properly size a system for a home, trained technicians will use an equation (a “load calculation”) that factors the home’s age, the number and quality of its windows, how well it is insulated, how many stories it has, its total square footage, and other relevant factors. Homeowners should ask their technicians to perform a Manual J load calculation, the industry’s term for the standardized equation used to properly size an air conditioning system. Your technician will specify the cooling capacity of the system in either Btu/h (British thermal units of heat removed per hour) or refrigeration tons (one ton being equal to 12,000 Btu/h).
How can I determine the energy efficiency of my air conditioning or heat pump system?
Air conditioning and heat pump manufacturers are required by law to evaluate and rate their equipments energy efficiency. This standard rating for measuring central air conditioners and heat pump cooling efficiency is its Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER). When heat pumps are heating your home, the Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) is used to determined its efficiency performing this function. The higher the SEER/HSPF, the more efficient the equipment.
The Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) is also sometimes used to assess performance of residential air conditioners during hot outdoor temperatures. Many manufacturers voluntarily submit their products for testing by the Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) to assure consumers their energy efficiency claims have been verified by an independent, third party laboratory. For split systems, AHRI tests combinations of indoor and outdoor units to verify the system’s performance claims. It is important for consumers to double check the indoor and outdoor units are a certified match by asking their technician for an AHRI Certified Reference Number (formerly ARI Reference Number) or an AHRI Certificate of Product Ratings (formerly Certificate of Certified Product Performance) that can be downloaded from the CEE HVAC Directory.
How will I know if my air conditioning or heat pump system is properly matched?
You can rest assured that your split system will be properly matched with an AHRI Certified Reference Number (formerly ARI Reference Number) or an AHRI Certificate of Product Ratings (formerly Certificate of Certified Product Performance). The reference number can be entered into the CEE HVAC Directory to verify that you have a matched system and to obtain a Certificate of Certified Product Performance.
For higher efficiency systems, the certificate can be used to obtain a federal tax credit or a rebate or incentive from your local utility or municipality.If you do not have an AHRI Certified Reference Number (formerly ARI Reference Number) or an AHRI Certificate of Product Ratings (formerly Certificate of Certified Product Performance) to locate your air conditioning equipment in the CEE HVAC Directory, you will need the manufacturer’s name, model name and model numbers for both the indoor and outdoor units. This information should be on the equipment’s warranty, your sales invoice and on the units themselves.
How can I reduce my energy bills while maintaining comfort in my home?
By using Chuck Laverty & Son Mechanical you will get a quality Installation. We will make sure our technician installs your new equipment according to the ANSI Quality Installation Standard.
Properly seal and insulate your ducts. Sealing and insulating can reduce your total energy use by more than 20 percent. Focus first on ducts that run through unconditioned space such as your garage or attic, and seal ducts with mastic or foil-backed tape. After sealing, insulate the ducts by wrapping them in insulation.
Make sure your home has adequate insulation. A well-insulated home helps reduce the load on your HVAC system. The DOE recommends minimum insulation levels for each part of the home, based on your climate. This information can be found on the ENERGY STAR Web site.
With every system we Install a programmable thermostat. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), a programmable thermostat can save you about $150 a year in energy costs if it is properly used. It is recommended for people who are away from home during set times of the day during the week.
To increase your energy savings, the EPA recommends that you: